Stephen Wade Thomson
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RED FLAGS FOR SPANISH SPEAKERS

ANY, SOME, NONE

While Spanish uses a "double negative", English uses only a "single negative".
This creates a distinction when using the word "any."

 

No tengo ningun plan. // I have no plan.
No hay nadie en la oficina // There is no one in the office.
No llegamos a ningun punto con esta conversacion. // We're going nowhere with this conversation.
No hay nada en el frigo. // There's nothing in the fridge.

"Any" serves 1 of 3 purposes:

any = (duda)
any = cualquier
not any = ninguno

 

(DUDA-preguntas)
Do you have any time to meet on Friday?

Do you know anything about fixing computers?

Is there anything you would like to talk about specifically?

"Hello-hello-hello.... Is there anybody in there?" (Pink Floyd)

Do you have any money on you? (dinero encima)

(CUALQUIER)
You can order anything you want- it's my treat. (yo invito)

In Madrid, you can walk down any street and feel safe.

Cooking may not be easy, but anyone can make scrambled eggs.

"Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law."

Dogs are loyal- they will go anywhere with you.

Notar: "anywhen" no existe. En su lugar decimos "anytime" o "whenever"

If you need someone to talk to, you can call me anytime.
I'll be at my house all day. Come over whenever.
The painters will arrive anytime between 11am and 2pm.


Notar: "anywho" no existe. En su lugar decimos "anyone" o "whoever".

You can be anyone for Halloween.
You can be whoever you want for Halloween.

Notar: "anyhow" existe, pero para traducir "como sea" decimos "however" o "whatever" o "any way"

Try to find happiness, any way you can.

-How are you getting to the party tonight?
-However I can... metro, bus, train...

anyway = en fin..., de todas maneras....

 

any = cualquier

Any

Anything / Whatever

Anywhere / Wherever

Anyhow / However

Any way / However

Anyway / de todos modos

Anyone / Whoever



 

(NINGUNO)
I do not have any plans. (I have no plans)
There isn’t anyone at the party yet. (No one is at the party yet)
-Do you still smoke? -Not anymore.

I'm not going anywhere tonight.
We don't have anything in common.

 


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